The USPTO refused to register the mark JIUJITEIRO in the stylized form show immediately below, for various items of athletic apparel, including martial arts uniforms. Applicant One Nation conceded that the term (which means “a pracitioner of Brazilian jiu-jitsu”) is merely descriptive of the goods by offering to disclaim the word “JIUJITEIRO,” but the Examining Attorney refused to enter the disclaimer, maintaining that a mark may not be disclaimed in its entirety. Applicant appealed. How do you think this came out? In re One Nation Enterprises, Serial No. 86260948 (July 25, 2016) [not precedential].
The Board pointed out that the Examining Attorney was correct in asserting that a mark may not be disclaimed in its entirety. However, if the mark is in a stylized form that is distinctive, the mark may be registered on the Principal Register with a disclaimer of its literal element. The issue is whether the stylization creates an inherently distinctive commercial impression apart from the word itself.
The determination of whether a particular stylization is inherently distinctive is “necessarily somewhat subjective, and depends on the particular nature of the mark at issue.” Applicant cited the JACKSON HOLE and CONSTRUCT-A-CLOSET cases as examples of marks found registrable on the Principal Register with disclaimer of the literal portion, but the Board found that those two cases did not strongly support applicant’s position: in JACKSON HOLE the particular arrangement of the words was important, and in CONSTRUCT-A-CLOSET, letters were used as design elements.
The Examining Attorney pointed to the FRUTTA FRESCA and LA LINGERIE cases as examples of marks whose stylization was not sufficiently distinctive, but the Board noted that those cases provided only weak support for the USPTO’s position because the marks were in ordinary, readable typefaces, and so the consumer would see little or nothing more than the generic words themselves.
Applicant’s mark, in contrast, is not displayed in a font. Instead, it bears the appearance of an idiosyncratic hand-written cursive script. The literal element is not ready discernable on first impression.
While marks in many cursive scripts would surely fall closer to the [FRUTTA FRESCA and LA LINGERIE] marks … in distinctiveness (or the lack of it), the fact that many cursive scripts are easily readable and indistinctive does not mean that all must be so. We think that in this case the stylization of Applicant’s mark is sufficient to create a distinctive commercial impression apart from the literal element of the mark, and sufficient to justify registration notwithstanding the descriptiveness of the disclaimed term. The stylization of Applicant’s mark is in essence a recognizable and distinctive design in its own right, regardless of the literal meaning conveyed by the word so displayed.
The Board concluded that applicant’s mark is registrable on the Principal Register with a disclaimer of the word JIUJITEIRO.